Pilates is an exercise form that depends heavily on language; the ability to describe movement as much as a visual demonstration. The simple reason being that students are often lying on their back and as a result can’t easily see the teacher. You can demonstrate before commencing an exercise set which visual cues are often more powerful than verbal cues but this can also impede on the flow of the class as the student can be left passively waiting. As a result, we hope to impart some common and shared Pilates language, but also encourage descriptive thought imagery and language to lead an outstanding class. Here is a glossary of terms to get you started.
This is not an exhaustive list but rather practical words that can help to build a common language between you and your clients and across the industry. Some are scientific terminology used to describe positions across industries and others are exercise names given by either Joseph Pilates or other practitioners that have become widely known.
Neutral Spine (standing): Standing tall with the natural & biomechanically ideal curves of the spine. Slight extension in cervical spine (neck), slight flexion in thoracic (upper back), slight extension in the lumbar spine (lower back).
TERMINOLOGY CORE PILATES
Core - Can refer only to the abdominals or more broadly the whole torso trunk
Reformer machine - the classic and most popular machine you will learn to use in our Reformer Training course
Cadillac - a pilates machine that allows you to be suspended in the air
Pilates chair - using springs like the reformer, it creates resistance in seated positions
Box - used in Reformer Pilates in addition to the reformer machine to create an elevated platform.
Jumpboard - used in Reformer Pilates, allows the user to push off the board (whether with feet or hands) similar to a jumping fashion.
Cadillac reformer and Pilates chair.
Small equipment used in all types of Pilates includes: